Specifying A Humidifier

Specifying the Correct Humidifier

Ensuring you specify the correct humidification system largely depends on being able to extract the right information from the end-user on how the system will be employed. However, it’s difficult to build-up enough experience to know the right questions to ask when projects involving humidifiers don’t occur that frequently in a HVAC consultant’s career.

Following this basic guide should stand you in good stead and help you avoid the most common specification errors we come across.

Humidity Levels

1 – What level of humidity is required and what level of fluctuation is acceptable?

Different applications will require different levels of humidity control. The most common application for a HVAC consultant will be the office environment’s requirement of between 40-60%rH (relative humidity). At this level people are comfortable and static build-up is reduced.

Many manufacturing industries will require a more specific level of humidity control. For instance printers need to control humidity to a tighter 50-60%rH. Textile manufacturers will need a higher 65-75%rH. An ideal museum environment is between 45-55%rH but with daily fluctuations being limited to ±3%rH to safeguard valuable exhibits. Some pharmaceutical applications need an even tighter ±2%rH to prevent product wastage.

If an application requires tight control of humidity then the humidifier selection will be restricted to systems that give very fast responses to a drop or increase in humidity, like resistive steam or spray units. Water treatment may also be required to improve the consistency of performance.

Commercial Humidifier Maintenance

2 – How long will the humidifier be running for and when can it be shut down

If a humidification system is going to be used 24/7 then the number and type of humidifiers will need to reflect this. A critical system that needs to be constantly delivering a certain level of humidity must include run and standby humidifiers as every humidifier in the world needs to be shut down occasionally for maintenance.

3 – How important are running costs and the environmental impact of the system?

Running costs vary widely with different types of humidifiers. Some steam systems can use 150 times more energy than an efficient evaporative humidifier and require six times more to be spent on them in servicing and spare parts. The initial purchase cost is a lot less for the steam system but an error in the initial product selection can cost the client (and the environment) dearly over the life of the unit.

Consideration should also be given to the advantages of using some evaporative humidifiers to reduce the running costs associated with the building’s cooling system. Some in-duct evaporative humidifiers can provide up to 12°C of adiabatic cooling to an AHU system. This can reduce the running costs associated with DX chillers and reduce the building’s overall carbon footprint.

4 – What types and how much energy is available?

This is a critical question as it’s not unheard of for contractors to arrive on site to install equipment only to find out that the amount of electricity required to run a humidification system is not available.

For really large duties, the energy requirements of using an electrical system can become prohibitive and either evaporative, spray or gas humidifiers may be a more viable option for the end-user.

For additional assistance in selecting the correct humidification system, contact your local Condair representative.

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