Electric steam humidifiers are frequently used in military storage facilities. There are two main types. Electrode boiler steam humidifiers, introducing steam directly to a room or an air duct, have a low capital cost, but can have high spares requirement and energy running costs. They offer a modulating output between 20 and 100% resulting in control accuracy of typically +/-7.5%.
A resistive steam humidifier can also deliver steam either directly to a room or via a ducted system. This type of humidifier has a higher capital cost but lower spares requirement. It has a fully modulating output, from 0-100%, resulting in a very close control accuracy of typically +/-2%RH.